One of the two sons of Zeus and Hera.  Hephaestus is the brother of Ares and Hebe.  Hephaestus is the god of the forge and fire.  Often, he is referred to as Ambidexter.  He was always portrayed as crippled, although there are several different versions of how this happened.  Hesiod has Hephaestus taking Aglaia, one of the three Graces, as his wife.  Ovid and other later authors write that Hephaestus was married to the unfaithful Aphrodite, who spent far more time with his brother Ares, who fathered several gods with her.  Hephaestus does not live on Olympus with the other gods, but instead dwells inside the volcano Mt. Aetna, created when Typhaon collapsed to the earth.  It was Hephaestus, who created the first woman, Pandora.

The Romans identified Hephaestus with Vulcan, their god of fire and the forge.


  1. HesiodTheogeny.

  2. Ovid Metamorphoses