Euripides was the last of the great Athenian tragedians (Aeschylus and Sophocles being the other two). He lived during the fifth century, B.C. Very little is known about his actual life. Nineteen of his 92 plays have survived, and among the more notable are Iphigeneia e en Aulide, Iphigeneia e en Taurois, Bacchae, Troades and Medea.
Oxford Concise Companion to Classical Literature. ed. Howatson and Chilvers. Oxford. New York, 1993.