Publius Ovidius Naso

Ovid was a Roman poet, who lived from 43 BC to 17 AD.  He was one of several great poets in the Messalla circle, separate from the Augustan circle under Maecenas.

Ovid produced a large amount of poetry, which dealt with everything from mythology to the art of seducing married women.  Eventually, he was exiled by Augustus.  Ovid states that this was for the immorality of his poetry, presumably his Ars amatoria, and for some unknown crime connected to the Julian family.


  1. Oxford Concise Companion to Classical Literature.  ed.  Howatson and Chilvers.  Oxford.  New York, 1993.