Plutarch

Plutarch was a Greek historian, biographer, and philosopher.  He lived circa 46-120 AD.  After studying philosopy in Athens, Plutarch traveled the Mediterranean world, and gave lectures in Rome.  As a historian, Plutarch is considered fairly reliable.

The most famous of Plutarch's works, and one that will be relied upon heavily as a source, is his Bioi Parelleloi (Parallel Lives).  This is a series of biographies covering  fifty lives of famous Greeks and Romans.  Most of the biographies are paired with another biography, with Plutarch's comparisons attached.  Because of his background as a philosopher, Plutarch's goal in his Lives is not to simply relate historic fact, but to portray the moral character of each individual.

Source(s):

  1. Oxford Concise Companion to Classical Literature.  ed.  Howatson and Chilvers.  Oxford.  New York, 1993.