Priam was the eighth, and last, king of Troy.  He was ransomed from Heracles and made king of Troy after the death of his father Laomedon.  Priam had many children: fifty sons and fifty daughters total.  His first wife was Arisbe, with whom he fathered Aesacus.  His second wife was Hecuba.  Together, they had seventeen children.  Their first son was Hector.  Their second son Paris was exposed after his birth, only to return years later.  Their daughter Cassandra had the gift of prophecy, as well as their son HelenusTroilius was a son of Hecuba and Apollo.

Priam is portrayed as a wise and holy man.  He would have returned Helen and the all of the gold to Menelaus, but was swayed by the counsel of his inexperienced sons, hungry for the glory of war.  For ten years, Priam was forced to watch from the walls of Troy as his sons died one by one.  When Hector was slain by Achilles and his bodied defiled, Priam braved to enter the Greek camp and ransom his son's dead body from the raging Achilles.  Priam was eventually killed by Neoptelemus, the son of Achilles, while clinging to the altar of Zeus.


  1. HomerIliad.

  2. ApollodorusBibliotece.